The vitreo-retinal specialist makes their primary focus on the back of the eye where the images are focused. This extension of the central nervous system is crucial in providing for clear vision. Dr. Espinosa is a 1993 graduate of the University of Cartagena in Cartagena, Colombia where he completed his medical degree. He then completed an ophthalmology residency training in Bogota, Colombia at the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in 1998 and further ophthalmic fellowship training, in vitreoretinal diseases in the Military Hospital HG-1 in Quito, Ecuador. He received a 6-months Pan-American Research Scholarship to Bascom Palmer Eye Institute in Miami, FL at the University of Miami. While there, he also completed a 3-year post-doctoral fellowship in macular diseases with an emphasis in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) from 2000 to 2003. He served 2 years as Research Instructor at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, working on the mechanisms that are involved in the pathogenesis of dry and wet AMD as well as the factors in the regulation and progression of dry to wet AMD and the understanding of vision loss in this disease. He participated and completed multiple funded NIH grants as co-investigator in the laboratory of Scott W. Cousins. Dr. Espinosa has been an author of articles in the peer review literature, and served as reviewer for multiple ophthalmologic journals. As well, he has authored multiple chapters in ophthalmologic texts, and lectured in national meetings. Dr. Espinosa then completed a general surgery internship at Jackson Memorial Hospital followed by his ophthalmology residency at Georgia Health Sciences University and simultaneously completed fellowships in medical retinal at Duke Eye Center and vitreo-retinal surgery at West Virginia Eye Institute. He specializes in medical and surgical vitreoretinal disease, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, macular disease, retinal vascular disease, retinal degenerations, retinopathy of prematurity and retinal detachments. Dr. Espinosa also continues to be involved in the further education of the upcoming physicians with lectures to medical students and residents.
Medical vitreoretinal disease
age-related macular degeneration
retinal vascular disease
and retinopathy of prematurity.
Dr. Espinosa-Heidmann specializes in medical and surgical vitreoretinal disease, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, macular disease, retinal vascular disease, retinal degenerations, retinopathy of prematurity and retinal detachments.
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Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology
Internship: Jackson Memorial Hospital / University of Miami, Miami, FL -- 2006
Residency: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Hospital de San Ignacio -- Bogota, Colombia -- 1998
Fellowship: Duke Eye Center, Duke University, Durham, NC -- Medical Vitreo-retinal Fellowship 2010
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