Diagnostic Tests and Evaluations at the Augusta University Neuroscience Center of Excellence

Dr. Hess ,Grand Rounds, Augusta University Neuroscience CenterDiagnostic testing and evaluations are used to diagnosis and treat neurological disorders.  The complexity of an exam is based on patient symptoms and range from imaging to laboratory tests.  Many are done in the physician’s office, but some require hospitalization.

Below is a brief summary of the most common diagnostic tests evaluations:

Angiography - a test used to detect blockages of the arteries or veins.

Biopsy - involves the removal and examination of a small piece of tissue from the body.

Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) – This scan offers more detail than standard x-rays.  It is painless and takes approximately 20 minutes.  CT scans of the brain provide detailed information about brain tissue and brain structures. A CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies.

Electroencephalogram (EEG) – Records patterns of brain activity. The EEG is used to evaluate several types of brain disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, certain psychoses, and certain sleep disorders. This painless, risk-free test can be performed in a doctor’s office or at a hospital.
Electromyography (EMG) - measures electrical activity in response to a nerve’s stimulation of the muscle. The test is used to monitor health of the muscle and nerves which control the muscle.

Laboratory screening tests – Simple collection of blood, urine, or other substances which is study to observe abnormalities.

MRI, Magnetic Resonance Imaging - A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. This painless, risk-free test can be performed in a doctor’s office or at a hospital.

Neurosonography - An ultrasound of the brain and spinal column which analyzes blood flow in the brain.  This can be used to diagnose vascular problems, stroke, brain tumors, and hydrocephalus.

Polysomnogram  - Measures brain and body activity during sleep.  It is performed over one or more nights at a sleep center. Electrodes are pasted on the patient to monitor sleep cycles throughout the night.

The Augusta University Neuroscience Center offers a variety of resources to help diagnose and treat neuorological issues.  For an evaluation, request an online appointment or call our Scheduling Center today at 706-721-4581 or toll free at 800-736-CARE (2273).