Valvular or Structural Heart Disease

A patient is diagnosed with valvular and structural heart disease when there is a defect or abnormality of the heart that does not involve the blood vessels of the heart, which can include congenital defects or abnormal heart valves. If you have valvular or structural heart disease, blood is unable to move efficiently throughout your heart and body, meaning your heart has to work harder. You may experience fatigue, dizziness, rapid chest pain, shortness of breath, and/or swelling, but with this type of heart disease, you may not have any noticeable symptoms.

 

Causes of Valvular and Structural Heart Disease

Although valvular and structural heart disease can be congenital or present at birth, this condition may also be acquired later in life because of factors like high blood pressure, calcium buildup, deformed valves, radiation therapy, rheumatic fever, and bacterial endocarditis.

 

Types of Valvular and Structural Heart Disease

At Augusta University Cardiovascular Center for Heart Care, our team of highly trained and experienced cardiologists, imaging specialists, and surgeons treats a variety of valvular and structural heart problems including:

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Ebstein’s anomaly of the tricuspid valve
  • Eisenmenger Syndrome
  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Pulmonary stenosis and regurgitation
  • Septal defects
  • Truncus arteriosus

 

How is Valvular and Structural Heart Disease Found?

If a doctor hears a murmur when listening to your heart, one or several diagnostic tests may be recommended as murmurs may indicate structural heart disease. Our imaging specialists may perform an electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, stress test, or Holter monitoring to determine whether valvular and structural heart disease is present.

 

Treating Valvular and Structural Heart Disease

Because valvular and structural heart disease can range in severity, treatment options vary. If you have valvular or structural heart disease, we may suggest regular monitoring, medications that can improve your symptoms.  A procedure to repair or replace your valve may be needed.

If you need treatment of your valvular or structural heart disease, you can count on our entire multi-discipline team to closely collaborate when planning your procedure. In addition to our multi-disciplinary approach, we use the most advanced tools and technologies when conducting valvular and structural repairs to make your procedure less invasive for a faster and easier recovery. Some of the most common procedures we perform include:

  • Aortic and Mitral Valvuloplasty
  • Aortic Valve Repair and Replacement
  • Atrial and Ventricular Septal Defects Closures

 

Request an Appointment

If you have been diagnosed with valvular or structural heart disease, or have concerns about your heart health, please call us at 706-721-2426 to schedule an appointment. We will design a treatment plan that is ideal for your particular condition and lifestyle.